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Intralobar Sequestration of the Lung: A Rare Entity

Urvinderpal Singh, Vidhu Mittal, Vishal Chopra, Sunil Kumar, Daksh Jhim, Hitesh Gour

(Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College, Patiala, India)

Med Sci Case Rep 2014; 1:21-24

DOI: 10.12659/MSCR.892290

Background: Broncho-pulmonary sequestration (BPS) is referred to simply as pulmonary sequestration, is a relatively uncommon congenital anomaly of the lower respiratory tract. It is characterized by aberrant formation of segmental nonfunctional parenchymal lung tissue that has no communication with the tracheo-bronchial tree.
Case Report: We report a case of 25-year old female who presented with complaints of recurrent fever, cough and expectoration since the age of 8 years. Chest radiography revealed a heterogenous opacity in the right lower zone. On investigation, she was diagnosed as a case of intralobar sequestration of the lung.
Conclusions: Failure to diagnose and treat this anomaly at the earliest can lead to recurrent infections and occasionally hemoptysis. A high index of clinical suspicion is required to suspect this entity.

Keywords: Bronchopulmonary Sequestration, Congenital Abnormalities, Respiratory System Abnormalities

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